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Green PilotSystem masterISophiaConversationThoughtSophia Helpclient.SenseA sense in biology and psychology, is a  ...Sense may also refer to:See also:*  Sensory*  SensorA problemalgorithmExpectationRecursionA frame آمينIndigo ἈσκληπιόςAsclepiusTaxonBlue PilotRed PilotSGPSGPJ-track 3753 Cruithne 
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Green Pilot
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Pollution

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 is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.[1]Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Instituteissues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.[2]

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Deforestation

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is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use[1]. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to agriculture or urban use.

The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. However in temperate mesic climates, the removal of all trees in an area—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest[2]. In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic[3]. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance[4].

Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as, or sold, for fuel or as lumber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock, plantations of commodities, and settlements. The removal of trees without sufficientreforestation has resulted in damage to habitatbiodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade intowasteland.

Disregard or ignorance of intrinsic value, lack of ascribed value, lax forest management and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation is an ongoing issue that is causing extinction, changes to climatic conditions,desertification, and displacement of indigenous people.

Among countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase.[5][6]

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Environmental protection agencies/authorities

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Other uses

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I

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Object may refer to

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(philosophy), a thing, being or concept

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  • Entity, something that is tangible and within the grasp of the senses

In computing:

In popular culture:

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expectation-maximization (EMalgorithm

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 is a method for finding maximum likelihood or maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimates of parameters in statistical models, where the model depends on unobserved latent variables. EM is an iterative method which alternates between performing an expectation (E) step, which computes the expectation of the log-likelihood evaluated using the current estimate for the latent variables, and a maximization (M) step, which computes parameters maximizing the expected log-likelihood found on the E step. These parameter-estimates are then used to determine the distribution of the latent variables in the next E step.

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Pollution

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 is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.[1]Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Instituteissues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.[2]

hide

Deforestation

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is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use[1]. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to agriculture or urban use.

The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. However in temperate mesic climates, the removal of all trees in an area—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest[2]. In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic[3]. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance[4].

Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as, or sold, for fuel or as lumber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock, plantations of commodities, and settlements. The removal of trees without sufficientreforestation has resulted in damage to habitatbiodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade intowasteland.

Disregard or ignorance of intrinsic value, lack of ascribed value, lax forest management and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation is an ongoing issue that is causing extinction, changes to climatic conditions,desertification, and displacement of indigenous people.

Among countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase.[5][6]

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Environmental protection agencies/authorities

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Other uses

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Taxon
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There is an indeterminate number of ranks, as a taxonomist may invent a new rank at will, at any time, if they feel this is necessary. In doing so, there are some restrictions, which will vary with the Nomenclature Code which applies.

The following is an artificial synthesis, solely for purposes of demonstration of relative rank (but see notes), from most general to most specific:[10]

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Of these many ranks, the most basic is species. However, this is not to say that a taxon at any other rank may not be sharply defined, or that any species is guaranteed to be sharply defined. It varies from case to case. Ideally, nowadays, a taxon is intended to represent thephylogeny of the organisms under discussion, but in itself this is not a requirement.

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Sense
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sense in biology and psychology, is a physiological method of perception. In common usage, a sense may also mean an understanding or awareness of something in particular.

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Sense may also refer to:

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  • Word sense in linguistics, one of the meanings of a word
  • Sense (reasoning), what people in common agreee as being reasonable or rational
  • Sense (charity), a UK charity for deafblind people
  • Sense (molecular biology), a reference to the coding strand of the DNA helix
  • Sense (electronics), a technique used in power supplies to produce the correct voltage for a load
  • Sense and reference, an innovation of the German philosopher and mathematician Gottlob Frege
  • Sense River, a river in Switzerland
  • Sense (album), the second album by rock group Lightning Seeds and the title of a single released from that album
  • HTC Sense, Modification of Windows Mobile and Android phones and PDA's, with a modified user interface, applications and widgets, made by the Taiwanese manufacturer HTC.
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algorithm

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In mathematicscomputer science, and related subjects, an 

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 (derived from the name of mathematician al-Khwārizmī) is an effective method for solving a problem expressed as a finite sequence of steps. Algorithms are used for calculationdata processing, and many other fields. (In more advanced or abstract settings, the instructions do not necessarily constitute a finite sequence, and even not necessarily a sequence; see, e.g., "nondeterministic algorithm".)

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Expectation

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In the case of uncertaintyexpectation is what is considered the most likely to happen. An expectation, which is a belief that is centered on the future, may or may not be realistic. A less advantageous result gives rise to the emotion of disappointment. If something happens that is not at all expected it is a surprise. An expectation about the behavior or performance of another person, expressed to that person, may have the nature of a strong request, or an order.

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Recursion

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, in mathematics and computer science, is a method of defining functions in which the function being defined is applied within its own definition; specifically it is defining an infinite statement using finite components. The term is also used more generally to describe a process of repeating objects in a self-similar way. For instance, when the surfaces of two mirrors are exactly parallel with each other the nested images that occur are a form of infinite recursion.

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frame

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is a structural system that supports other components of a physical construction.

Frame may also refer to:

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Engineering & construction

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  • Framing (construction), a building term known as light frame construction
  • Frame (vehicle), to which everything on an automobile is mounted
  • Bicycle frame, the main component of a bicycle, onto which other components are fitted
  • Motorcycle frame, main component of a motorcycle, onto which other components are fitted
  • Timber framing, a method of building for creating framed structures of heavy timber
  • A-frame, a basic structure designed to bear a load in a lightweight economical manner
  • Space frame, a method of construction using lightweight materials
  • Framer, a carpenter who assembles major structural elements in constructing a building
  • Frame and panel, a method of woodworking
  • Locomotive frame, section on engine frames
  • Door frame or window frame, structures fixed to buildings, vehicles or other containers to which the hinges of doors or windows are attached and can be locked shut
  • Frame (loudspeaker) or basket, a structural component which supports the functional components of a loudspeaker
  • Frame, Receiver (firearms), one of the basic parts of a modern firearm
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General

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Science

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Mathematics

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  • Frame of a vector space, a generalization of a basis to sets of linearly dependent vectors which also satisfy the frame condition
  • k-frame, a generalization of a basis to linearly independent sets of vectors that need not span the space
  • Basis (linear algebra), an ordered basis is also called a "frame"
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Computer science

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 Ἀσκληπιός
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Taxon
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There is an indeterminate number of ranks, as a taxonomist may invent a new rank at will, at any time, if they feel this is necessary. In doing so, there are some restrictions, which will vary with the Nomenclature Code which applies.

The following is an artificial synthesis, solely for purposes of demonstration of relative rank (but see notes), from most general to most specific:[10]

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Of these many ranks, the most basic is species. However, this is not to say that a taxon at any other rank may not be sharply defined, or that any species is guaranteed to be sharply defined. It varies from case to case. Ideally, nowadays, a taxon is intended to represent thephylogeny of the organisms under discussion, but in itself this is not a requirement.

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Order (-virales)
Family (-viridae)
Subfamily (-virinae)
Genus (-virus)
Species
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The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses began to devise and implement rules for the naming and classification of viruses early in the 1990s, an effort that continues to the present day. The ICTV is the only body charged by the International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS) with the task of developing, refining, and maintaining a universal virus taxonomy. The system shares many features with the classification system of cellular organisms, such as taxon structure. Viral classification starts at the level of order and follows as thus, with the taxon suffixes given in italics

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Cancer

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s are classified by the type of cell that resembles the tumor and, therefore, the tissue presumed to be the origin of the tumor. These are the histology and the location, respectively. Examples of general categories include:

  • Carcinoma: Malignant tumors derived from epithelial cells. This group represents the most common cancers, including the common forms of breastprostatelung and colon cancer.
  • Sarcoma: Malignant tumors derived from connective tissue, or mesenchymal cells.
  • Lymphoma and leukemia: Malignancies derived from hematopoietic (blood-forming) cells
  • Germ cell tumor: Tumors derived from totipotent cells. In adults most often found in the testicle and ovary; in fetuses, babies, and young children most often found on the body midline, particularly at the tip of the tailbone; in horses most often found at the poll (base of the skull).
  • Blastic tumor or blastoma: A tumor (usually malignant) which resembles an immature or embryonic tissue. Many of these tumors are most common in children.
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Pollution

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 is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.[1]Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Instituteissues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.[2]

hide

Deforestation

leaf

is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use[1]. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to agriculture or urban use.

The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. However in temperate mesic climates, the removal of all trees in an area—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest[2]. In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic[3]. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance[4].

Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as, or sold, for fuel or as lumber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock, plantations of commodities, and settlements. The removal of trees without sufficientreforestation has resulted in damage to habitatbiodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade intowasteland.

Disregard or ignorance of intrinsic value, lack of ascribed value, lax forest management and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation is an ongoing issue that is causing extinction, changes to climatic conditions,desertification, and displacement of indigenous people.

Among countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase.[5][6]

hide

Environmental protection agencies/authorities

hide

Other uses

leaf
hide
Taxon
hide
leaf

There is an indeterminate number of ranks, as a taxonomist may invent a new rank at will, at any time, if they feel this is necessary. In doing so, there are some restrictions, which will vary with the Nomenclature Code which applies.

The following is an artificial synthesis, solely for purposes of demonstration of relative rank (but see notes), from most general to most specific:[10]

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hide
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hide
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hide
leaf
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Of these many ranks, the most basic is species. However, this is not to say that a taxon at any other rank may not be sharply defined, or that any species is guaranteed to be sharply defined. It varies from case to case. Ideally, nowadays, a taxon is intended to represent thephylogeny of the organisms under discussion, but in itself this is not a requirement.

hidefemale1
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Pollution

leaf

 is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.[1]Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Instituteissues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.[2]

hide

Deforestation

leaf

is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use[1]. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to agriculture or urban use.

The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. However in temperate mesic climates, the removal of all trees in an area—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest[2]. In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic[3]. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance[4].

Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as, or sold, for fuel or as lumber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock, plantations of commodities, and settlements. The removal of trees without sufficientreforestation has resulted in damage to habitatbiodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade intowasteland.

Disregard or ignorance of intrinsic value, lack of ascribed value, lax forest management and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation is an ongoing issue that is causing extinction, changes to climatic conditions,desertification, and displacement of indigenous people.

Among countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase.[5][6]

hide

Environmental protection agencies/authorities

hide

Other uses

leaf
hide
Taxon
hide
leaf

There is an indeterminate number of ranks, as a taxonomist may invent a new rank at will, at any time, if they feel this is necessary. In doing so, there are some restrictions, which will vary with the Nomenclature Code which applies.

The following is an artificial synthesis, solely for purposes of demonstration of relative rank (but see notes), from most general to most specific:[10]

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hide
leaf
hide
leaf
hide
leaf
leaf

Of these many ranks, the most basic is species. However, this is not to say that a taxon at any other rank may not be sharply defined, or that any species is guaranteed to be sharply defined. It varies from case to case. Ideally, nowadays, a taxon is intended to represent thephylogeny of the organisms under discussion, but in itself this is not a requirement.

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Logos
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Letter Uni. Name Meaning Ph. Corresponding letter in
He. Sy. Ar. Greek Latin Cyr. IPA
�� ʼāleph ox ʼ א ܐ Αα Aa Аа a
�� bēth house (Arabic: بيت‎) (Hebrew: בית‎) b ב ܒ Ββ Bb Бб,Вв b
�� gīmel camel (Arabic: جمل/بعير‎) (Hebrew: גמל‎) g ג ܓ Γγ Cc,Gg Гг ɡ
�� dāleth door (Hebrew: דלת‎) d ד ܕ د,ذ Δδ Dd Дд d, ð
�� window h ה ܗ هـ Εε Ee Ее,Єє e
�� wāw hook(Hebrew: וו‎) w ו ܘ Υυ, (Ϝϝ) Yy,Ff,Vv,Uu,Ww (Ѵѵ),Уу u, y
�� zayin weapon (Hebrew:כלי זין‎) z ז ܙ Ζζ Zz Зз z
�� ḥēth wall (Arabic: حيط‎) ח ܚ ح,خ Ηη Hh Ии i
�� ṭēth good ט ܛ ط,ظ Θθ (Ѳѳ) f
�� yōdh hand (Arabic: يد‎) (Hebrew: יד‎) y י ܝ ي Ιι Ii, Jj Іі, Її,Јј i
�� kaph palm (of a hand) (Arabic: كفّ‎) (Hebrew: כף‎) k כך ܟ Κκ Kk Кк k
�� lāmedh goad l ל ܠ Λλ Ll Лл l
�� mēm water (Arabic: ماء/maː/) (Hebrew: מים /ˈmajim/) m מם ܡ Μμ Mm Мм m
�� nun serpent n נן ܢ Νν Nn Нн n
�� sāmekh fish (Arabic: سمكة /ˈsamaka/=fish) (Hebrew: שמך /ˈʃemeχ/=Trout)
pillar
s ס ܣ /ܤ س Ξξ, poss.Χχ poss.Xx (Ѯѯ), poss.Хх ks, h
�� ʼayin eye (Arabic: عين‎) (Hebrew: עין‎) ʼ ע ܥ ع,غ Οο Oo Оо ɔ, o, oʊ
�� mouth (Arabic: فم‎) (Hebrew: פה‎) p פף ܦ Ππ Pp Пп p
�� ṣādē papyrus plant צץ ܨ ص,ض (Ϻϻ) Цц,Чч ts, ch
�� qōph eye of a needle(Hebrew: קוף‎) q ק ܩ (Ϙϙ) Qq (Ҁҁ) k, q
�� rēš head (Arabic: راْس‎) (Hebrew: ראש‎) r ר ܪ Ρρ Rr Рр r
�� šin tooth (Arabic: سن‎) (Hebrew: שן‎) š ש ܫ ش Σσς Ss Сс,Шш s, ʃ
�� tāw mark (Hebrew: תו‎) t ת ܬ ت,ث Ττ Tt Тт t
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Pollution

leaf

 is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.[1]Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Instituteissues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.[2]

hide

Deforestation

leaf

is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a nonforest use[1]. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to agriculture or urban use.

The term deforestation is often misused to describe any activity where all trees in an area are removed. However in temperate mesic climates, the removal of all trees in an area—in conformance with sustainable forestry practices—is correctly described as regeneration harvest[2]. In temperate mesic climates, natural regeneration of forest stands often will not occur in the absence of disturbance, whether natural or anthropogenic[3]. Furthermore, biodiversity after regeneration harvest often mimics that found after natural disturbance[4].

Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as, or sold, for fuel or as lumber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock, plantations of commodities, and settlements. The removal of trees without sufficientreforestation has resulted in damage to habitatbiodiversity loss and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade intowasteland.

Disregard or ignorance of intrinsic value, lack of ascribed value, lax forest management and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation is an ongoing issue that is causing extinction, changes to climatic conditions,desertification, and displacement of indigenous people.

Among countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase.[5][6]

hide

Environmental protection agencies/authorities

hide

Other uses

leaf
hide
Taxon
hide
leaf

There is an indeterminate number of ranks, as a taxonomist may invent a new rank at will, at any time, if they feel this is necessary. In doing so, there are some restrictions, which will vary with the Nomenclature Code which applies.

The following is an artificial synthesis, solely for purposes of demonstration of relative rank (but see notes), from most general to most specific:[10]

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